April 30, 2009

The Great migration

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 9:19 am

Each year around the same time the ‘Great Wildebeest migration’ the Ngorongoro area of the Southern Serengeti of Tanzania. A natural phenomenon determined by the availability of grazing .The entirely of the migration is dependent upon the coming of the rains.In Afrrica’s hot and dry climate ,such huge numbers of animal life cannot be sustained by one place with such a dramatic effect on the grazing pastures,taking no time at all to completely exhaust the available food supply.

As the rains come at different times in the Serengeti and the Maasai Mara,so the animals are driven to search for the rain ripened grasses and water to drink.Wildebeest need to drink every day or atl east every other day,thus the constant search for favorable conditions pushes the herds onwards,month by month in order to feed themselves and their young.

February marks the strat of this great migration,preceding the long rainy season when wildebeest spend their time grazing and giving birth to approximately 500,000 calves within a 2/3 week period.

The calving ground outside the eastern Serengeti happen to be outside the hunting territories of most predictors,march April and may is when the herds begin to sweep west and north towards the long grass plains and woodlands of the Serengeti’s western corridor while others northwest and will later meet at the maasai Mara of the Kenya.

June and July is a transitional period between the rains and the dry season where they push further north of Savanna to the maasai Mara results in a massing along the banks of the swollen Mara River,producing one of the world’s truly most spectacular sights.

April 29, 2009

The pink Lake Return’s

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 4:22 am

Lake Nakuru’s pink lining is back in full after the number of flamingo’s doubled due to the current rains .The birds had increased from 3000,000 in march to about 7000,000 this month,said the Lake Nakuru National park .

The migration is attributed to rise in water levels in the Lake Natron and Bongoria ,adding that the park expected the number of birds to rise as more fresh water continues draining into the lake .leaders in flock of flamingo’s usually fly to different places to monitor availability of food,then report to the rest flock,which migrates to a new destination.

Resident flamingo’s were already constructing nests on the shores in readiness for the breeding seasons expected in 30 days.But the park is far from recovering from the recent dry spell.Rivers Makalia, Nderit and Njoro,which flow from the Mau forest to the lake ,and the animals ‘favorite source of drinking water ,are yet to revive only if we stop the encroachment of the land and destruction of the Mau forest where the supply of water from our rivers and lake originates.

April 28, 2009

Fading Hoofed Animals In Mara

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 7:23 am

Populations of major wild grazing animals at the Maasai Mara National Reserve have ‘decreased substantially’ in only 15 years as they compete for survival with a growing concentration of human settlement, a new study has revealed. The study was analyzed by researchers at the Nairobi based international livestock research institute and led and funded by World wide fund for nature.

In the study it was revealed that a total of six species – Giraffes, Hartebeest, Impala, Warthogs,Topis and Waterbuck – declined markedly and persistently throughout the reserve. An analyis carried out indicate the losses were as high as 95% for giraffees, 80% for warthogs, 76% for hartebeest, and 67% for impala. These declines which were documented are supported by previous studies that have found dramatic drops in the reserve of once abundant wildebeest, gazelles and zebras.

Researchers  found the growing homan population has diminished the wild animal population by surping wildlife grazing territory for crop and livestock production to support their families. Some traditional farming cultures to the west and southwest of the mara continue to hunt wildlife inside the Mara Reserve, which is illegal, for food and profit.

While not covered in their analysis, the researchers involved in the study are quick to point out that the Maasai’s transition to a more sedentary lifestyle has been driven partly by decades of policy neglect that left many Maasai with no choice but to abandon their more environmentally sustainable practice of grazing livestock over wide ex-panse of grasslands.

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