May 7, 2009

Five things Africa might lose

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 8:50 am

Snow of Kilimanjaro

Mt. Kilimanjaro’s glaciers are melting fast. They heve shrunk by one quarter since 2006, and at this rate may be gone entirely by 2015. Some scientists blame global worming . Others blame deforestration on the lower slopes, which prevent prevailling winds from picking up enough moisture to replenish the evaporating ice with water.

Lake Chad

this lake was once Africas largest body of fresh water., comparable in size with Canada’s Lake Erie. But an increasingly dry climate and the ever-growing demand for water, including massive irrigation projects, have taken their toll. In just 40 years,it has shrunk from 25,000km2 to 500km2.


The unique fynbos of South Africa’s cape isthe smallest, yet more diverse, of the world’s floristic kingdoms. More than 8,600 plant species, of which two thirdsare endemic, are found in an area of less than 90,000km2. But fynbos is vanishing under pressure from Agriculture, urban development and alien plants. More than one third of its original area and 36 species of plant are already gone.

Northern White Rhino

Critically endangered is an understatement for the northern white rhino: just for wild individuals remain, all of them in the DRC’s Garamba National Park.After decades of poaching , the magnificent animal is now the victim of regional unrest , with armed militias roaming the park. Its prospects look bleak.

Blue Swallow

This endangered bird is confined to a scattered handful of locations from South Africa to southern Tanzania. Its habitat – high altitude mistbelt grassland – is under intense pressure from commercial agriculture, including timber plantations, and sugar cane. Fewer than 4,000 pairs are now thought to remain.

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