April 30, 2009

The Great migration

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 9:19 am

Each year around the same time the ‘Great Wildebeest migration’ the Ngorongoro area of the Southern Serengeti of Tanzania. A natural phenomenon determined by the availability of grazing .The entirely of the migration is dependent upon the coming of the rains.In Afrrica’s hot and dry climate ,such huge numbers of animal life cannot be sustained by one place with such a dramatic effect on the grazing pastures,taking no time at all to completely exhaust the available food supply.

As the rains come at different times in the Serengeti and the Maasai Mara,so the animals are driven to search for the rain ripened grasses and water to drink.Wildebeest need to drink every day or atl east every other day,thus the constant search for favorable conditions pushes the herds onwards,month by month in order to feed themselves and their young.

February marks the strat of this great migration,preceding the long rainy season when wildebeest spend their time grazing and giving birth to approximately 500,000 calves within a 2/3 week period.

The calving ground outside the eastern Serengeti happen to be outside the hunting territories of most predictors,march April and may is when the herds begin to sweep west and north towards the long grass plains and woodlands of the Serengeti’s western corridor while others northwest and will later meet at the maasai Mara of the Kenya.

June and July is a transitional period between the rains and the dry season where they push further north of Savanna to the maasai Mara results in a massing along the banks of the swollen Mara River,producing one of the world’s truly most spectacular sights.

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