April 23, 2009

The Fraternal Cats

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 1:01 pm

For years many have not been able to tell the leopard from the cheetah apart one could easily mistake the two at a glance. Leopard descendants of the Carnivorous known as the Miacids is very large, muscular predator, weighing 100kg and even more,more powerful than the cheetah with spots which are rosette in shape,covering the whole body as well as the face.

They have white eye-linings at the bottom of the eyes that assists its vision at night by amplifying light which is reflected off objects around it, into the eyes.Just like a “true cat,” all of its claws are fully retractable.

Cheetah is a tall and slender build with quite small i head in relation to its body,when compared to leopard, making the it more stream-lined.when compared to leopard, making the cheetah more stream-lined.Their nostrils are large in size to allow maximum oxygen in-take for their muscles, while running at high speeds with quite flat tails towards the end acting as a rudder to balance it while running.

Instead of having rosette shaped spots, they have single large spots (like thumb prints), covering the whole body. The front of face has very few spots and is more a light brown colour,with black “tear lines” which run from the eyes down to the sides of the mouth.Since they hunt during the day, the black “tear lines” help absorb light, to prevent a blinding effect from the bright sunlight.

The cheetah can only retract its dew claw. The dew claw is hooked onto an animal that it’s hunting to try pull it down. The rest of the claws are non-retractable, just like dogs, giving the Cheetah better grip on the ground while running both of them are found in Africa.

A jaguar is native to South America while Leopards are native to the plains of Africa. The jaguar has a shorter, stalkier build than their African cousins.the jaguar tends to have small rosettes with spots in the middle of its coat but the leopard just has plain rosettes with them becoming more like spots as they become closer to the face.

There are more distinct differences in the build of these two cats. The jaguar has an overall more muscular build. The body is compact, and the legs are more stocky than the more graceful leopard. The jaguar’s head is also more stocky, with a larger looking jaw and an overall more square appearance to the face..

April 22, 2009

Kenya’s Big Five

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 7:13 am

The ‘Big Five’ phrase was coined by big game hunters where they found it very difficult to hunt on foot;Panthera leo (lion),Loxodanta African(African Elephant),Syncerus cuffer( Bufallo),Diceros Bicornis(Blackrhinoceros),Panthera pardus(Leopard) .The five mammals are among the most dangerous animals in the wild.
The Big Five are found in African countries;South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania and Botswana.Conservationist state that the big five don’t include any endangered species.

* The Lion (Panthera leo) is a large carnivorous feline of Africa and northwest India, having a short tawny coat, a tufted tail, and, in the male, a heavy mane around the neck and shoulders.

* The African elephant (Loxodonta Africana) is a very large herbivore having thick, almost hairless skin, a long, flexible, prehensile trunk, upper incisors forming long curved tusks of ivory, and large, fan-shaped ears. There are two distinct species of African elephant: African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) and the African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana).

* The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a large horned bovid. It is the most dangerous of the Big Five, reportedly causing the most hunter deaths.[citation needed]

* The Leopard (Panthera pardus) is a large, carnivorous feline having either tawny fur with dark rosette-like markings or black fur. Leopards are the most difficult to acquire hunting licenses for and are often difficult to hunt due to their behavior and their nocturnal feeding habits. Leopard hunting usually overlaps several weeks of baiting.

* The Rhinoceros is a large, thick-skinned, herbivore having one or two upright horns on the snout. In Africa, there are two distinct species of rhinoceros; the Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) and the White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). Both of these species have two upright horns on the snout.(Wikipedia)

April 21, 2009

Villagers in Eastern province turn to poaching as starvation hit kambaland

Filed under: Introduction — parto @ 9:43 am

Snares and arrows are now used to clamp and kill by poachers in the arid Machakos District of Eastern province.This calls for a concerted effort between relevant stakeholders in order to contain these vices.

The most affected animals are the antelopes,wildebeests and deer.Following the persistent droughts experienced in ukambani and the environs people are starving and hence poaching is becoming even more sophisticated.

That dependency should be such that it is sustainable in order to avoid their depletion since charcoal burning is also rampant in the area where resources have been depleted then the ecosystem restoration is necessary.Where species have been poached translocation frrom other ranging areas for reintroduction must follow.

As the droughts continue,more people are heading to the forest in search of an alternative formof income specifically charcoal burning and population of the species can only survive if they have large enough habitataor enough possibilities to interact with other populations.Due to the fragmentation of their habitats as aresult of changes in land use,many species in Kenya have disappeared or may diasappear in the near future if we do not protect the m and their habitats.

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